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Andorra

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Andorra

BACKGROUND

Information: Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra and also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra, is a sovereign landlocked microstate in the eastern Pyrenees, bordering France to the north and Spain to the south. Andorra is the sixth-smallest nation in Europe, having an area of 181 square miles. Andorra has the highest life expectancy in the world at 81 years.

During World War II, Andorra remained neutral and was an important smuggling route between Vichy France and Francoist Spain. Certain groups organized themselves to help the victims of Nazi oppression coming from Europe, while participating in smuggling to help the country survive.

Given its relative isolation, Andorra has existed outside the mainstream of European history, with few ties to countries other than France, Spain, and Portugal. In recent times, however, its thriving tourist industry along with developments in transport and communications have removed the country from its isolation.

Due to its location in the eastern Pyrenees mountain range, Andorra consists predominantly of rugged mountains dissected by three narrow valleys in a "Y" shape.

National Dances: Contrapàs and Marratxa

Language: Catalan. Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also commonly spoken.

Religions: Predominantly Roman Catholic


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