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Armenia

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Armenia

BACKGROUND

Information: A country and ethnic group.

Armenia, officially the Republic of Armenia, is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located in Western Asia on the Armenian Highlands, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and Azerbaijan's exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.

The outbreak of World War I lead to confrontation between the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire in the Caucasus and Persian Campaigns. Eventually a large proportion of Armenians living in Anatolia perished in what has become known as the Armenian Genocide. Turkish authorities deny the genocide took place to this day. The Armenian Genocide is acknowledged to have been one of the first modern genocides.

Armenia, annexed by Bolshevist Russia and along with Georgia and Azerbaijan, was incorporated into the Soviet Union.

On September 21, 1991, Armenia officially declared its independence.

Location: Originally, Eastern Anatolia, Middle East. After the diaspora, worldwide.

Languages: Armenian, Eastern and Western dialects.

Religion: Various Christian sects. Armenia recognises the Armenian Apostolic Church, the world's oldest national church, as the country's primary religious establishment.


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