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Brazil

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Brazil

BACKGROUND

Information: Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. Its capital is Brasília but its most populous city is São Paulo. Brasília is located atop the Brazilian highlands in the country's center-western region. It was founded on April 21, 1960, to serve as the national capital of Brazil, moving capital from Rio de Janeiro to a more central location.

In the 17th century, São Paulo was one of the poorest regions of the Portuguese colony. It was also the center of interior colonial development. Because they were extremely poor, the Paulistas could not afford to buy African slaves, as did other Portuguese colonists. The discovery of gold in the region of Minas Gerais, in the 1690s, brought attention and new settlers to São Paulo. When the gold ran out in the late 18th century, São Paulo shifted to growing sugar cane.

Brazil became independent from Portugal in 1822. By the time Brazil became a republic on November 15, 1889, coffee exports were an important part of São Paulo's economy. Since the 19th century people began migrating from northeastern Brazil into São Paulo. This migration grew enormously in the 1930s and remained huge in the next decades.

National Dances: Samba, Frevo, Maculeló, Carimbó, Capoeira, Siriri, Forró, Maxixe, Coco

Language: Predominantly Portuguese

Religion: Predominantly Catholic


DOCUMENTS


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