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Bukovina

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Bukovina

BACKGROUND

Information: A region.

Bukovina is a historical region in Central Europe, divided between the Ukraine to the north and Romania to the south and located on the northern slopes of the central Eastern Carpathians and the adjoining plains.

A region of Moldavia during the Middle Ages, the territory of what became known as Bukovina was, from 1774 to 1918, an administrative division of the Habsburg Monarchy, the Austria Empire, and Austria-Hungary. After World War I, Romania established its control over Bukovina. In 1940, the northern half of Bukovina was annexed by the Soviet Union and currently is part of the Ukraine.

During World War II almost the entire German population of northern Bukovina was coerced to resettle to the parts of Poland then occupied by Nazi Germany. The Axis invasion of northern Bukovina was catastrophic for its Jewish population, as conquering Nazi soldiers immediately began massacring its Jewish residents. Surviving Jews were forced into ghettoes to await deportation to work camps in Transnistria.

The northern and southern parts became significantly dominated by their Ukrainian and Romanian majorities, respectively, with the representation of other ethnic groups being decreased significantly.

Language: The languages of the population closely reflect the ethnic composition, with over 90% within each of the major ethnic groups declaring their national language as the mother tongue (Ukrainian, Romanian, and Russian, respectively).


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