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Cono Sur

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Con Sur

BACKGROUND

Information: Cono Sur (Southern Cone in Spanish) is a geographic and cultural region composed Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay. It is bounded on the north by Peru, Bolivia and Brazil, on the west by the Pacific Ocean, and on the south by the junction between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.

Besides sharing languages and colonial heritage, the residents of the states of the Southern Cone are avid players and fans of football, with top-notch teams competing in the sport.

The asado barbecue is a culinary tradition typical of the Southern Cone. The asado developed from the horsemen and cattle culture of the region, more specifically from the gauchos of Argentina, Uruguay, and Southern Chile. In the Southern Cone, horsemen are considered icons of national identity.

The population of the Southern Cone has been strongly influenced by waves of immigration from Europe in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. People of European descent, make up 79% of the total population of Argentina, 88% of total population of Uruguay and 53% of total population of Chile. Mestizos make up 15.8% of the population and are a majority in Paraguay.

Another conspicuous characteristic of the Southern Cone is its relatively high standard of living and quality of life.

National Dances: Tango (Argentina), Cueca (Chile), Pericon (Uruguay), Danza Paraguaya (Paraguay), Chacarera (pan Southern Cone).

Location: The southernmost areas of South America.

Languages: Predominantly Spanish in Argentina, Chile and Uruguay, and both Spanish and Guaraní in Paraguay.

Religion: Predominantly Roman Catholic.


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