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England

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England

BACKGROUND

Information: A country.

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries.

During the Industrial Revolution, many workers moved from England's countryside to new and expanding urban industrial areas to work in factories. England maintained relative stability throughout the French Revolution. London became the largest and most populous metropolitan area in the world during the Victorian era, and trade within the British Empire, as well as the standing of the British military and navy, was prestigious.

Power shifts in east-central Europe led to World War I; hundreds of thousands of English soldiers died fighting for the United Kingdom as part of the Allies. Two decades later, in World War II, the United Kingdom was again one of the Allies. Developments in warfare technology saw many cities damaged by air-raids during the Blitz. Following the war, the British Empire experienced rapid decolonisation, and there was a speeding up of technological innovations; automobiles became the primary means of transport and the development of the jet engine led to wider air travel.

As its name suggests, the English language, today spoken by hundreds of millions of people around the world, originated as the language of England, where it remains the principal tongue.

Location: Southern British Isles, off the northwest coast of Europe.

Language: English

Religion: Predominantly Christian

Dance types: Traditional Dance, Mummers Dance, Morris Dance, Rapper and Sword Dance, Children's Dance (to Nursery Rhymes), Church Dance, Playford Dance, Country Dance, Step Dance, Sequence Dance, Old-Time Dance, Community Dance.


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