The Society of Folk Dance Historians (SFDH)
Folk Dance What the . . . ?
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Information: What is folk dance? Folk dance is you, doing the dances of other peoples and other times. Let me explain.
Admit it! Other peoples fascinate you (as long as they aren't too "other"). And you aren't alone. The English around 1800 named their ballroom dances Spanish Dance, Écossoise ("Scottish Dance"), Swedish Dance, Circassian Circle, Sicilian Circle, and so on. Russians around 1900 danced Pas d'Espan ("Dance of Spain"), Lezginka (from Georgia), Hiavata ("Hiawatha," from America), Korobushka (from Hungary(1)), and so on. They ignored dances from Asia, Africa, Central America, and South America. Such dances were too "other." European immigrants brought their dances to America, and some Americans found those dances to be fascinating and fun. We call those Americans "folk dancers." But American folk dancers still avoid dances that are too "other": dances from American minority groups, the Far East, South and Central America, and Africa.
The phrase "popular antiquities" became "folklore" in 1846. Note that emphasis on ANTIQUITIES, the lore of our ANCESTORS. "Folk-dance" came along in 1906, in Danish and Swedish folk dance books, describing the dances of their own ancestors. Then other countries did the same.
OTHER PEOPLES AND OTHER TIMES
"International" folk dance books started with Elizabeth Burchenal (1908, Folk Dance Music). She described British, European, and North American dances. Not too much "other" in them! But fashions change, and those dances already had been replaced by newer dances. In other words, Burchenal's dances were popular dances of hers and other people's ancestors. So folk dance is the dance of other peoples or other times, or both!
What about dances from the Ballet Folklórico de México, the Philippine Bayanihan, the Serbian Kolo, the Polish Mazowsze, or all those amateur dance groups on YouTube? They dance in costume, right? Well, those costumes are the clothes of their ancestors, and the dances correspond to the clothes. Folk dancers in America dance these dances as the dances of other peoples, usually not aware that the dances also come from other times.
So when someone asks you: "What the . . . is folk dance?" you know what to tell them: Folk dance is the dance of someone ELSE, of other peoples, and other times. Folk dancers find them fascinating and fun, and so will you.
(1) See the 1988 Folk Dance Problem Solver for an explanation of this designation!
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