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France

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France

BACKGROUND

Information: A country.

France, officially the French Republic, is a sovereign state in western Europe whose territory consists of the metropolitan area of France extending from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean.

Napoleon Bonaparte seized control of the Republic in 1799 becoming First Consul and later Emperor of the French Empire.

In 1940, France was invaded and occupied by Nazi Germany. Metropolitan France was divided into a German occupation zone in the north and Vichy France, a newly established authoritarian regime collaborating with Germany, in the south, while Free France, the government-in-exile led by Charles de Gaulle, was set up in London.

France has several overseas regions across the world:

In South America: French Guiana.
In the Atlantic Ocean: Saint Pierre and Miquelon and, in the Antilles: Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.
In the Pacific Ocean: French Polynesia, the special collectivity of New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna and Clipperton Island.
In the Indian Ocean: Réunion island, Mayotte, Kerguelen Islands, Crozet Islands, St. Paul and Amsterdam islands, and the Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean.
In the Antarctic: Adélie Land.

Region: Bretagne

Language: Predominantly French

Religion: Predominantly Catholic Christian


DOCUMENTS


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