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Georgia

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Georgia

BACKGROUND

Information: A country.

Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. In February 1921, during the Russian Civil War, the Red Army advanced into Georgia and brought the local Bolsheviks to power. The Georgian army was defeated and the Social Democratic government fled the country. On April 9, 1991, shortly before the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Supreme Council of Georgia declared independence. Georgia is divided into 9 regions, 1 city, and 2 autonomous republics. These in turn are subdivided into 67 districts and 12 self-governing cities. Like most native Caucasian peoples, the Georgians do not fit into any of the main ethnic categories of Europe or Asia. In June 1941, Germany invaded the Soviet Union on an immediate course towards Caucasian oil fields and munitions factories. They never reached Georgia, however, and almost 700,000 Georgians fought in the Red Army to repel the invaders and advance towards Berlin. Of them, an estimated 350,000 were killed. Throughout the remainder of the Soviet period, Georgia's economy continued to grow and experience significant improvement, though it increasingly exhibited blatant corruption and alienation of the government from the people.

National Dances: Each region of Georgia has it's own "national" dance: Rachuli, Acharuli, Khorumi, Svanuri, and Mkhedruli.

Location: Transcaucasia

Language: The Georgian language, the most pervasive of the Kartvelian languages, is not Indo-European, Turkic, or Semitic.

Religions: Predominantly Eastern Orthodox Christianity.


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