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Germany

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Germany

BACKGROUND

Information: A country.

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in central-western Europe.

In the 21st century, Germany is a great power with a strong economy; it has the world's fourth-largest economy. As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods. A developed country with a very high standard of living, it upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection, and a tuition-free university education.

Germany was declared a republic at the beginning of the German Revolution in November 1918. The Nazi Party led by Adolf Hitler won the special federal election of 1932. After a series of unsuccessful cabinets, Hindenburg appointed Hitler as Chancellor of Germany on January 30, 1933. After the Reichstag fire, a decree abrogated basic civil rights and within weeks the first Nazi concentration camp at Dachau opened. The Enabling Act of 1933 gave Hitler unrestricted legislative power; subsequently, his government established a centralised totalitarian state, withdrew from the League of Nations following a national referendum, and began military rearmament. In what later became known as The Holocaust, the German government persecuted minorities and used a network of concentration and death camps across Europe to conduct a genocide of what they considered to be inferior peoples.

Regions: Bavaria, the North

Language: German

Religion: Predominantly Christian


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