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Greece

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Greece

BACKGROUND

Information: A country.

Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, historically also known as Hellas, is a country located in the Southern Balkan Peninsula in Europe.

Greece is considered the cradle of Western civilisation, being the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, Western literature, historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama, as well as the Olympic Games.

Greece is a democratic and developed country with an advanced high-income economy, a high quality of life, and a very high standard of living.

In the aftermath of World War I, Greece attempted further expansion into Asia Minor, a region with a large native Greek population at the time, but was defeated in the Greco-Turkish War of 1919–1922. The following era was marked by instability, as over 1.5 million propertyless Greek refugees from Turkey had to be integrated into Greek society. On Octoberl 28, 1940, Fascist Italy demanded the surrender of Greece, but the Greek administration refused, and, in the following Greco-Italian War, Greece repelled Italian forces into Albania, giving the Allies their first victory over Axis forces on land. The Greek struggle and victory against the Italians received exuberant praise at the time, most prominent in a quote attributed to Winston Churchill: "Hence we will not say that Greeks fight like heroes, but we will say that heroes fight like Greeks."

Regions and Cultures: Aegean Islands, Ionian Islands, Dodekanesian Islands, Black Sea, Epirus, Thrace, Karagounides.

Languages: Greek, Turkish, Romany, Aromanian

Religions: Greek Orthodox Christian, Islam

Note: When in Greece, it is considered polite to cheerfully participate in folk dancing if invited!


DANCES AND SONGS


DOCUMENTS


COMMENTS

"He made a leap, rushed out of the hut, cast off his shoes, his coat, his vest, rolled his trousers up to his knees, and started dancing . . .

"He threw himself into the dance, clapping his hands, leaping and pirouetting in the air, falling on his knees, leaping again with his legs tucked up – it was as if he were made of rubber. He suddenly made tremendous bounds into the air, as if he wished to conquer the laws of nature and fly away. One felt that in this old body of his there was a soul struggling to carry away this flesh and cast itself like a meteor into the darkness. It shook the body which fell back to earth, since it could not stay very long in the air; it shook it again pitilessly, this time a little higher, but the poor body fell again, breathless."

"He went back to the hut, sat in front of the brazier and looked at me with a radiant expression. 'What came over you to make you dance like that?' 'What could I do boss? My joy was choking me.'"

–Nikos Kazantzakis (Zorba the Greek).


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