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Hawai'i

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Hawaii

BACKGROUND

Information: A culture.

Hawai'i is the only American state located in Oceania, the only American state located outside North America, and the only one composed entirely of islands.

The eight main islands are, in order from northwest to southeast: Niʻihau, Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, Molokaʻi, Lānaʻi, Kahoʻolawe, Maui, and the Island of Hawaiʻi. The last is the largest island in the group and is often called the "Big Island" or "Hawaiʻi Island" to avoid confusion with the state or archipelago. Hawai'i's diverse natural scenery, warm tropical climate, abundance of public beaches, oceanic surroundings, and active volcanoes make it a popular destination for tourists, surfers, biologists, and volcanologists.

Hawai'i's culture is strongly influenced by North American and East Asian cultures, in addition to its indigenous Hawai'ian culture. The aboriginal culture of Hawai'i is Polynesian. Hawai'i represents the northernmost extension of the vast Polynesian Triangle of the south and central Pacific Ocean. While traditional Hawai'ian culture remains as vestiges in modern Hawai'ian society, there are re-enactments of the ceremonies and traditions throughout the islands.

The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 was the primary event that caused the United States to enter World War II.

Languages: English and Hawai'ian are listed as Hawai'i's official languages in the state's 1978 constitution, in Article XV, Section 4. However, the use of Hawai'ian is limited because the constitution specifies that "Hawai'ian shall be required for public acts and transactions only as provided by law."

Religions: Christian and Protestant.


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