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Iceland

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Iceland

BACKGROUND

Information: A country.

Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic and is the most sparsely populated country in Europe. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active. The interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields, mountains, and glaciers, and many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Icelandic culture is founded upon the nation's Scandinavian heritage. Most Icelanders are descendants of Norse and Gaelic settlers.

In the wake of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, Iceland's struggle for independence took form and culminated in independence in 1918 and the founding of a republic in 1944. Iceland prospered during the Second World War. The immediate post-war period was followed by substantial economic growth, driven by industrialisation of the fishing industry and the United States Marshall Plan programme, through which Icelanders received the most aid per capita of any European country

Language: Icelandic, a North Germanic language, is descended from Old West Norse and is closely related to Faroese and West Norwegian dialects.

Religion: Church of Iceland

Music: "Voices"

Anecdote: Danish colonial rulers (Pietists) forbad music in the 18th century as promoting immorality. What remains is largely vocal, with mixolydian mode, harmony in 5ths, and nasal, drawn out final notes.


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