SFDH Logo (tiny)

The Society of Folk Dance Historians (SFDH)

Korea

[ Home | About | Encyclopedia |
| Publications | Members ]

CLICK IMAGE TO ENLARGE

Korea

BACKGROUND

Information: Korea is a region in East Asia consisting of the Korean Peninsula, Jeju Island, and several minor islands near the peninsula. Korea has been divided since 1948 between two distinct sovereign states, North Korea and South Korea. Korea is bordered by Russia to the northeast, China to the northwest, and Japan to the east via the Korea Strait and the Sea of Japan (East Sea).

The aftermath of World War II left Korea partitioned along the 38th parallel, with the north under Soviet occupation and the south under United States occupation supported by other allied states. Consequently, North Korea, a Soviet-style socialist republic was established in the north and in South Korea, a Western-style regime, was established.

Since the 1960s, the South Korean economy has grown enormously and the economic structure was radically transformed.

In June 1950 North Korea invaded the South, using Soviet tanks and weaponry. During the Korean War (1950–1953) more than 1.2 million people died and the three years of fighting throughout the nation effectively destroyed most cities. The war ended in an Armistice Agreement at approximately the Military Demarcation Line. In 2018, the leaders of North Korea and South Korea officially signed the Panmunjom Declaration, announcing that they will work to end the conflict.

National Dances: North Korea: Buchaechum, South Korea: Ganggangsullae

Language: Korean is the official language of both North and South Korea

Religion: Predominantly Confucian tradition, along with Buddhism, Taoism, and Korean Shamanism


DOCUMENTS


This page © 2018 by Ron Houston.
Please do not copy any part of this page without including this copyright notice.
Please do not copy small portions out of context.
Please do not copy large portions without permission from Ron Houston.