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Kurds

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Kurdish Man

BACKGROUND

Information: The Kurds (Kurdish People) are an Iranian ethnic group of the Middle East mostly inhabiting a contiguous area spanning adjacent parts of southeastern Turkey, northwestern Iran, northern Iraq, and northern Syria. The Kurds are culturally, historically, and linguistically classified as belonging to the Iranian peoples. Kurds are often regarded as "the largest ethnic group without a state."

Kurdish nationalism emerged after World War I with the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire which had historically successfully integrated (but not assimilated) the Kurds, through use of forced repression of Kurdish movements to gain independence.

The Kurdish region of Iran has been a part of the country since ancient times. Kurdish culture is a legacy from the various ancient peoples who shaped modern Kurds and their society. As most other Middle Eastern populations, a high degree of mutual influences between the Kurds and their neighbouring peoples are apparent. Therefore, in Kurdish culture elements of various other cultures are to be seen. However, on the whole, Kurdish culture is closest to that of other Iranian peoples.

Language: Kurdish

Religions: Islam, Alevism, Ahl-i Haqq, Yazidism, Zoroastrianism, and Christianity


DOCUMENTS


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