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Latvia

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Latvia

BACKGROUND

Information: A country.

Latvia, officially the Republic of Latvia, is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered by Estonia to the north, Lithuania to the south, Russia to the east, and Belarus to the southeast.

After centuries of Swedish, Polish and Russian rule, a rule mainly executed by the Baltic German aristocracy, the Republic of Latvia was established on November 18, 1918 when it broke away and declared independence from Russia in the aftermath of World War I. The country's de facto independence was interrupted at the outset of World War II, beginning with Latvia's forcible incorporation into the Russia, followed by the invasion and occupation by Nazi Germany in 1941, and the re-occupation by the Soviets in 1944 to form the Latvian SSR for the next fifty years. The Republic of Latvia declared independence on August 21 1991, in the aftermath of the failed Soviet coup attempt.

Language: Latvian

Religions: Predominantly Lutheran, Roman Catholic


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