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Pakistan

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Pakistan

BACKGROUND

Information: Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. Pakistan has a 650-mile coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China to the northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.

The territory that now constitutes Pakistan was the site of several ancient cultures and intertwined with the history of the broader Indian subcontinent. The area has been ruled by numerous empires and dynasties, including the Persian Achaemenid Empire, Alexander III of Macedon, the Seleucid Empire, the Indian Maurya Empire, the Kushan Empire, the Gupta Empire, the Arab Umayyad Caliphate, the Ghurid Sultanate, the Ghaznavids Empire, the Delhi Sultanate, the Mongol Empire, the Mughal Empire, the Afghan Durrani Empire, the Sikh Empire (partially) and, most recently, the British Indian Empire.

Pakistan was created during the partition of India as a Muslim-majority region. In 1973, Pakistan adopted a new constitution which stipulated that all laws are to conform to the injunctions of Islam as laid down in the Quran and Sunnah. As of 2008 Pakistan has transitioned to civilian rule, and, as of 2010, Pakistan is a parliamentary republic with periodic elections.

National Dance: Kathak

Languages: Predominantly Punjabi, Pashto, and Sindhi

Religion: Predominantly Islam


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