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Scotland

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Scotland

BACKGROUND

Information: A country.

Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Grreat Britain. It shares a border with England to the south, and is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the southwest. In addition to the mainland, the country has more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.

The continued existence of legal, educational, religious and other institutions distinct from those in the remainder of the United Kingdom have all contributed to the continuation of Scottish culture and national identity since the 1707 union with England. In the 1820s, as part of the Romantic revival, tartan and the kilt were adopted by members of the social elite.

Scotland played a major role in the British effort in the First World War. It especially provided manpower, ships, machinery, fish and money. During the Second World War, Scotland was targeted by Nazi Germany largely due to its factories, shipyards, and coal mines.

Region: Highlands, Lowlands

Languages: Scots Gaelic, English

Religion: Predominantly Christian


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