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Yemen

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Yemen

BACKGROUND

Information: Yemen, officially the Republic of Yemen, is a country at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west, the Gulf of Aden and Guardafui Channel to the south, and Oman and the Arabian Sea to the east. Yemen's territory encompasses more than 200 islands, including Socotra, one of the largest islands in the Middle East.

Since 2011, Yemen has been in a state of political crisis starting with street protests against poverty, unemployment, and corruption. The lack of safe drinking water, caused by depleted aquifers and the destruction of the country's water infrastructure, has also caused the largest, fastest-spreading cholera outbreak in modern history.

During reign of Al-Mutawakkil Isma'il, and during the reign of his successor, Al-Mahdi Ahmad, the imamate implemented some of the harshest discriminatory laws (ghiyar) against the Jews of Yemen, which culminated in the expulsion of all Jews (Exile of Mawza) to a hot and arid region in the Tihama coastal plain. During that period, Yemen was the sole coffee producer in the world.

Yemenite Jews once formed a sizable minority in Yemen with a distinct culture from other Jewish communities in the world. Most emigrated to Israel in the mid-20th century, following the Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries.

National Dance: Al-Bar'ah

Language: Modern Standard Arabic is the official language of Yemen, while Yemeni Arabic is used as the vernacular.

Religion: Islam


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