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The Society of Folk Dance Historians (SFDH)

Argentina

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BACKGROUND

Information: Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic, is a country located in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south.

Following the Great Depression in the 1930s, Argentina descended into political instability and economic decline that pushed it back into underdevelopment, though it remained among the fifteen richest countries for several decades. Following the death of President Juan Perón in 1974, his widow, Isabel Martínez de Perón, ascended to the presidency. She was overthrown in 1976 by a United States-backed coup which installed a right-wing military dictatorship. The military government persecuted and murdered numerous political critics, activists, and leftists in the Dirty War, a period of state terrorism that lasted until the election of Raúl Alfonsín as President in 1983. Several of the junta's leaders were later convicted of their crimes and sentenced to imprisonment. Despite its history of economic instability, it ranks second highest in the Human Development Index in Latin America.

Argentina disputes sovereignty over the Falkland Islands, and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, which are administered by the United Kingdom as Overseas Territories.

National Dances: Tango, Pericón

Language: Spanish

Religion: Catholic


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