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Thrace

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Thrace

BACKGROUND

Information: Thrace (Greek, Thraki; Bulgarian, Trakiya; Turkish, Trakya) is a geographical and historical region in Southeast Europe, now split among Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey, that is bounded by the Balkan Mountains to the north, the Aegean Sea to the south, the Sea of Maramara to the southeast, and the Black Sea to the east.

The word Thrace was first used by the Greeks when referring to the Thracian tribes, from ancient Greek Thrake, descending from Thrāix. It referred originally to the Thracians, an ancient people inhabiting Southeast Europe.

In 1352, the Ottoman Turks conducted their first incursion into the region subduing it completely within a matter of two decades and occupying it for five centuries.

With the Congress of Berlin in 1878, Northern Thrace was incorporated into the semi-autonomous Ottoman province of Eastern Rumelia, which united with Bulgaria in 1885. The rest of Thrace was divided among Bulgaria, Greece, and Turkey at the beginning of the 20th century, following the Balkan Wars, World War I, and the Greco-Turkish War. In Summer 1934, up to 10,000 Jews were maltreated and then forced to quit the region.


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