The Society of Folk Dance Historians (SFDH)
Andor and Ann Czompo
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Information: Andor and Ann Czompo, teachers and authors about Hungarian dance.
Andor recognized was the leading authority on Hungarian folklore and dance in the western hemisphere, was born in Budapest, but raised in Turkeve, a major dance region of eastern Hungary, where he was considered one of the best dancers in the area. Because of this, he was later invited to join one of the professional Hungarian folk dance ensembles, the Budapest Folk Ensemble. He toured with this government-subsidized group through Germany and Czechoslovakia.
In 1948, he graduated from St. Bernat Gimnasium with a certificate in liberal arts. Both his amateur and professional dance experience led to certification in the Institute of Folk Arts as a state-licensed professional folk-ethnic instructor in 1956, having passed a comprehensive government examination. Andor was a district Folk Art Supervisor in Borsod county, and worked on a folk art research project in the northern part of Hungary, and in areas that were no longer a part of Hungary. Andor's sister, an accomplished dancer and teacher, and his mother remained behind.
1956 was an eventful and tragic year in Hungarian, history. In October of that year, the Hungarian, people began a revolt against the communist regime, and for several weeks they were successful. In November, however, Russian troops poured into the country and the revolution was crushed. Many Hungarians were killed or sent to prison in Russian, and about 190,000 Hungarians fled to non-communist countries. Andor was one of these refugees. Hidden in the trunk of an official car and armed with a military rifle, he succeeded in crossing the main bridge of the Danube River, eluding armed gards. If he had been caught, he would have most certainly been shot to death. After his escape, he made his way to a refugee camp in Austria.
Sponsored by a distant relative, he arrived in Philadelphia in 1957, penniless and speaking no English. The first job he acquired was working as a truck driver for the Philadelphia Inquirer. He searched and found a job for two years working in a hospital orderly near Atlantic City, New Jersey, owned by a Hungarian doctor. Speaking only Hungarian, he lived and spent all his time with other Hungarians, so he learned very little English. He also worked as a chauffeur and as a worker in a sheet metal factory.
Eventually, the Hungarian community recognized his artistic ability, and during the years 1960 to 1962, he was appointed Artistic Director and Choreographer for the Hungarian Ethnic Dance Group of New York. During this time, he also studied character dance at the Metropolitan Opera Ballet School and in 1963, he became a dancer, choreographer, and advisor for the Kovach-Rabovsky Hungarian Ballet Bihari, which toured under the auspices of Columbia Artists. Except for Andor, this group was comprised of Hungarian dancers who had been trained in the ballet schools of the Soviet Union. There he met Cecile Szakács, who was active in the NEA (National Education Association). She helped Andor get started with his dancing again and encouraged him to go to the New York City area, where she found a job for him.
In 1961, in New York City, Andor found some friends with whom he had danced in Hungary. He organized the Hungarian Ethnic Dance Group of New York, which appeared on a CBS television program. He performed at the New York Town Hall, Washington Constitution Hall International Folk Dance Festival, and many other venues. Andor was asked to teach at the Michael and Mary Ann Herman's Maine Folk Dance Camp, and it is said that the Herman's went goofy with excitement upon seeing the Hungarian dance. They persuaded Andor to teach at their famous Herman Folk Dance House in New York, and in 1962, he taught for the first time at the Maine Folk Dance Camp. It was at a Maine camp that Andor met Ann Reed, a teacher of dance and dance fundamentals. Andor proposed to Ann with the aid of his Hungarian-English dictionary. He married Ann a little over a year later in 1963, after Andor's tour with Bihari. Ann, who has her MA Degree in dance, teaches folk, modern, jazz, and square dance, as well as dance composition. The couple resided in Illinois where Ann was on the dance faculty at Northern Illinois University. Ann is nationally recognized for her work in modern, jazz, and ballet. The couple have a son, Stevie.
Andor went to the west coast to teach. Receiving more and more requests to do workshops, he finally had to choose between folk dance teaching and his regular job. Fortunately for folk dancers, he went against the immigration officials' advice (they said that there was no future for a professional folk dancer in the country) and chose to make a living as a teacher of Hungarian folk dance.
Andor worked with several exhibition dance groups, performed on television, and was a dancer-choreographer for Bihari. He choreographed several dance suites for the Duquesne University Tamburitzans and the Brigham Young University Folk Dance Ensemble. Andor taught master classes at major colleges and universities in the United States and Canada, and served as a teaching staff member on most of the major folk dance camps, such as the Santa Barbara Folk Dance Conference and the San Diego State University Folk Dance Conference in California. In the United States he founded several ensembles.
In 1967, Andor and Ann were hired to serve on the dance faculty of New York State University at Cortland, where they continued as full-time professors until 1991. During this time, they co-authored three books on Hungarian dance and published frequently in dance and folklore journals.
In 1996, with plans for retirement, the couple moved to Williamsburg, Virginia. Andor was persuaded by the college of William and Mary to come out of retirement and accept a position as adjunct professor of dance. He began engaging in summer seminars focused on the methodology of teaching folk dance.
In 1997, Vonnie Brown presented Andor with the San Antonio College Folk Dance Festival honor as an individual who has made outstanding contributions in the idiom of international folk dance.
Professor Czompo maintained tight control over his dance descriptions, music, and costumes. He considered it his responsibility to his Hungarian heritage because he felt it should be the first duty of any specialist to make certain his material is ethnically correct and to keep it that way.
Andor was on the Board of Trustees of the National Folk Organization. He was the director of Tánc Együtes.
Andor passed away on December 3, 2019.
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