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Information: A former country.

Yugoslavia was a country situated at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe in the southern Pannonian Plain and the central Balkans. Yugoslavia borders Hungary to the north; Romania and Bulgaria to the east; Macedonia to the south; Kosovo to the southwest, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Montenegro to the southwest, and Croatia to the northwest.

On the eve of World War I, Austria-Hungary became wary of the rising regional power on its borders and its potential to become an anchor for unification of all South Slavs, and the relationship between the two countries became tense. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria on June 28, 1914 in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Young Bosnia Organization, led to Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia. In defense of Serbia, and to maintain her status as a Great Power, Russia mobilized its troops, which resulted in Austria-Hungary's ally Germany declaring war on Russia.

In 1941, in spite of Yugoslav attempts to remain neutral in the war, the Axis powers invaded Yugoslavia. The territory of modern Serbia was divided between Hungary, Bulgaria, Croatia, and Italy (greater Albania and Montenegro), while the remaining part of Serbia was placed under German military administration, with Serbian puppet governments.

A nationalism broke across Yugoslavia that eventually resulted in its breakup, with Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Macedonia declaring independence. Serbia and Montenegro remained together as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In 2008, Kosovo and Montenegro declared independence from Serbia.

Other name: Jugoslavia

Location: Balkans

Languages: Various

Religions: Various


  1. Bosnia-Herzegovina – 1992
  2. Croatia – 1992
  3. Macedonia – 1993
  4. Montenegro – 2008
  5. Serbia – 2008
  6. Slovenia – 1992
  7. Kosovo – 2008


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